In 2018, 43 cities score an A ranking out of 596 cities. The leap to 105 A list cities this year is likely in part to be due to more cities reporting but, says Higham, is also likely to reflect a ramping up of efforts across the globe.
Of this year’s 105, 41 are in North America. “Many North American cities have taken important climate actions especially in the absence of federal leadership,” she says. There are 19 cities from Asia, nine from Latin America (versus one the previous year) and two (up from one) from Africa – eThekwini (City of Durban) in South Africa joining Cape Town, with the former committing to 80 percent reductions in emissions by 2050.
As eThekwini shows, alongside the usual suspects such as Paris, Amsterdam, London, Oslo, Stockholm, Melbourne, Sydney, New York, San Francisco and Toronto, are smaller and less obvious ones. eThekwini is the first African city to adopt a Paris Climate Agreement-compliant action plan.