Famous for its wine production, the town of Miglianico is dominated by the church of Saint Pantaleone and surrounded by vineyards. It has around 5000 residents and is in the province of Chieti in the Abruzzo region. Not an obvious place to look, perhaps, for blockchain-related breakthroughs. However, the town is the first in the world to use distributed digital ledger technology to support its waste management.
As with many Italian municipalities, Miglianico has moved in the last few years to a Pay as You Throw (PAYT) model for its collections. After an extensive communication campaign, bins and sacks were provided with Radio-frequency Identification (RFID) tags, with collection staff issued with wristbands for scanning.
Luca Del Col, CEO of Partitalia, estimates between 20 and 25% of Italian municipalities have now adopted PAYT. Partitalia specialises in smart cards, RFID tags and readers and was selected by Miglianico as its PAYT partner. It has provided more than 15,000 devices across not only Italy but also much of the rest of Europe.
Implementation of the technology is very straightforward, says Del Col, but what takes the time is explaining the new approach and charges to residents – in Miglianico, this part of the preparations took more than six months.